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A hat is a headcovering. It may be worn for protection against the elements, for religious reasons, for safety, or as a fashion accessory. In the past, hats were an indicator of social status. In the military, they denote rank and regiment.

Parts of a hat

  • Crown – The portion of a hat covering the top of the head
  • Brim – A projection of stiff material from the bottom of the hat's crown horizontally all around the circumference of the hat
  • Peak (British English), Visor (American English), or Bill – a stiff projection at the front, to shade or shield the eyes from sun and rain
  • Puggaree or sweatband or hatband – a ribbon or band that runs around the bottom of the body of the hat. The sweatband may be adjustable with a cord at the top and is on the inside of the hat touching the skin while the hatband and puggaree are around the outside. The band worn with various military hats, such as the Australian slouch hat and the pith helmet, is referred to as a puggaree.


  • Ayam An ayam is a Korean traditional winter cap mostly worn by women in the Joseon period (1392 – 1910) for protection against the cold.
  • Beret-Soft round cap, usually of wool felt, with a flat crown, worn by both men and women and traditionally associated with France. Also used in the military.
  • Bicorn-Military hat with upturned corners, also known as a cocked hat
  • Busby-A small fur military hat
  • Chullo-Peruvian or Bolivian hat made from vicuña, alpaca, llama or sheep's wool
  • Coif -A coif (IPA: /ˈkɔɪf/) is a close fitting cap that covers the top, back, and sides of the head, worn by all classes in England and Scotland from the Middle Ages to the early seventeenth century.
  • Do-rag-a square or triangle of cloth, tie under or on op of the head. Worn in the Philippines and Africa starting in the 14th century.
  • A Dutch Cap or Dutch bonnet is a style of woman's hat associated with the various traditional Dutch woman's costumes. Usually made of white cotton or lace, it is sometimes characterized by triangular flaps or wings that turn up on either side.
  • Fascinator-A small hat commonly made with feathers, flowers and/or beads. It attaches to the hair by a comb, headband or clip.
  • Fez-Red felt hat in the shape of a truncated cone
  • French Hood-a type of woman's headgear popular in Western Europe in the sixteenth century. The French hood is characterized by a rounded shape, contrasted with the angular 'English' or gable hood.
  • Gable Hood, English hood or gable headdress is an English woman's headdress of c. 1500-1550, so-called because its pointed shape resembles the gable of a house.
  • Ghutrah-Three piece ensemble consisting of a Thagiyah skull cap, Gutrah scarf, and Ogal black band. Gutrahs are plain white or checkered, denoting ethnic or national identities.
  • Hood Part of a Cloak or worn alone by Europeans from prehistory into the 18th century. Several styles.
  • Kippah-A small close-fitting skullcap worn by religious Jews.
  • A kufi or kufi cap is a brimless, short, rounded cap worn by people of African descent.
  • Liripipe type of hood, with a 'skirt' around the shoulders and a long tail coming from the back.
  • Montenegrin cap The cap is originally in the shape of a flat cylinder, having a red upper surface (called tepelak). Traditionally worn by Montenegrins and Serbs.
  • Nightcap-In the days before central heating it was considered unsafe to have your head uncovered. European men wore four panel peaked caps usually richly embroidered in polychrome and bearing a tassel
  • Phrygian Cap-A soft conical cap pulled forward. In sculpture, paintings and caricatures it represents freedom and the pursuit of liberty. The popular comic / cartoon characters The Smurfs, are famous for their white Phrygian caps. Their leader, Papa Smurf wears a red one.
  • Salakot-A traditional wide-brimmed hat in the Philippines.
  • Šajkača (Serbian Cyrillic: шајкача) is the Serbian national hat, used by ethnic Serbs throughout former Yugoslavia that originated in the 18th century.
  • Snood-A close-fitting net that gathers up the back of a woman's hair
  • Tam is a tall, round knitted cap, which is often brightly coloured.
  • Tricorne-A soft hat with a broad brim, pinned up on either side of the head and at the back, producing a triangular shape.
  • Turban-A headdress consisting of a scarf-like single piece of cloth wound around either the head itself or an inner hat.